How Can I Tell The Difference Between A Male And Female Ant?

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Shanesubber Richardson Profile
The vast majority of the ants that you see are female; this is because male ants die after mating. It is possible that you will see a male ant during the breeding season, though. All worker ants, regardless of whether their role is that of soldier or nurse are females, and they are responsible for gathering food for the colony; caring for the young; and building and defending the nest from predators and intruders.

If the ant that you are looking at has wings, have a look at the antennae. A straight antennae means that the ant is male; if the antennae is jointed, then the ant is a female.

Male ants, regardless of whether they are of the winged variety or not, are slightly bigger than the females; though unless you have something to compare them with, this feature will not stand alone in helping you to know what gender the ants are, particularly when you consider that the largest ant in the colony is the queen, and so female.

To be really sure whether you are looking at the queen, or whether the ant is actually a male, have a look at the size of its eyes and its head. Male ants have bigger eyes than the queen, but their heads are smaller than queen ants.

When you are checking ants in an attempt to see whether they are male or female, take care; there are over 12,000 different species of ants in the world and some of them have bigger stings than others. These can cause itching, burning and stinging. Perhaps the wisest course of action would be just to observe from a safe distance; watching ants as they go about their busy lives is fascinating.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
" Males generally have small heads, large eyes, large thoraces, and a pair of claspers at the end of the gaster. Once they fly (and mate), males do not live very long. After mating, new queens break off their wings and never fly again. Without wings, they can generally be distinguished from workers by their larger body size, larger thorax and larger abdomen. 

All workers are females."
 
That's weird, how are all workers females? What do the guys do?
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The main difference between male and female ant is that the female ant is bigger than the male ant, normally the female ant is 2 to 4 times larger in size than male ant.

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