How Does A Camel Adapt To Its Environment?


17 Answers

Julii Brainard Profile
Julii Brainard answered
Camels can store a lot of fat in their bodies. This is mostly stored conveniently in one place (the famous hump). Hence it doesn't over-insulate the animal in hot conditions.

Incidentally, this is why some people seem to have enormous bottoms or breasts and can be skinny elsewhere; it's an advantageous body strategy in places with high temperatures, to have fat stores that don't make your body too insulated.

Camels have a long and double eyelashes -- these help to keep out dust and sand.

Camels can drink up to 30 US gallons of water at a time; this is mostly stored in their blood (not the hump).

Camels excrete dry faeces and little urine (water conservations measures).

Camels have wide, almost webbed feet. This helps them to walk in sandy conditions (bit like snowshoes, but for sand).

Their body temperature fluctuates enormously -- especially for a mammal. They can let themselves heat up by about 14 degrees Fahrenheit in hot conditions, and down a few degrees in cold conditions, too. So they don't waste energy trying to keep cool or warm enough.

Their blood cells are oval and not round (only animal like this, too). This lets them absorb more water in the blood cells and plasma.

They have heavy fur on top of the hump; this and fat storage in the hump, helps insulate rest of body from over-heating by a hot overhead sun.

Their nostrils can be close to a mere slit, to keep moisture in and sand out.

They have special adaptations that conserve blood volume (they don't easily lose fluid from their blood, unlike how other animals' bodies work).
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Camels store fat and energy in there hump and go without food and water for a long period of time, they do not store water in there hump.  
Camels can live up to 40 to 50 year.  The hump can grow about 30 inches (76.20 cm) out of its body. When they do access water, they can drink up to 46 litres of water in one session. Camels have two long eyelashes to help protect them against the desert sand. Camels feet are wide so they can walk on sand more easily. Their huge feet help them to walk on sand without sinking into it. Camels have thick lips so they can eat the prickly desert plants with out feeling pain. The colour of their bodies helps them to blend into their environment.
Rajesh Shri Profile
Rajesh Shri answered
We all adapt to our surroundings in order to survive. There are specific adaptations for creatures living in specific climatic conditions. The adaptation for living in water is not the same as the adaptations for living in land. Similarly the adaptations for living in humid climate is not the same as the ones for living in arid climates and the adaptations for living in deserts is not the same as that of animals living in jungles or grass lands.

Camel is known as the 'ship of the desert' as its body is well adapted for the harsh arid climate and sand that is found in a desert. The most important aspect is the hump in the camel. The hump allows the camel to store water and food and hence it can go for very long times without proper food or nutrition. This is extremely important as water is scarce in a desert and it may be many miles of walk before the camel gets to drink water again.

The second important adaptation is long eyelashes which protect the camel during sand storms. The third is the shape of the feet which lets them walk and run in the sands of the desert.
Sara Shah Profile
Sara Shah answered
Camels are herbivores; they eat desert vegetation, such as grasses, herbs, and leaves.
How do camels adapt to their environment?
Camels have many adaptations that allow them to live successfully in desert conditions. Deserts are hot and dry. Winds blow sand all around, so a camel has long eyelashes. It has nostrils that can open and close.
Why do camels have long eyelashes?
The long eyelashes keep sand out of the camel's eyes.
Thick eyebrows shield the eyes from the desert sun.
Why does a camel have nostrils which can close?
A camels nostrils can close so it doesn't get sand up its nose.
Other Adaptations:
1. A camel can go a week or more without water, and they can last for several months without food. They can drink up to 32 gallons (46 litres) of water at one drinking session!
2. Camels store fat in the hump, not water. The fat can be metabolised for energy.
3. Unlike most mammals, a healthy camel's body temperature fluctuates (changes) throughout the day from 34°C to 41.7°C (93°F-107°F.) This allows the camel to conserve water by not sweating as the environmental temperature rises.
4. Camels feet are wide so they can walk on sand more easily. Their huge feet help them to walk on sand without sinking into it.
5. Camels have thick lips so they can eat the prickly desert plants with out feeling pain.
6. The colour of their bodies helps them to blend into their environment.
7. Camel's ears are covered with hair, even on the inside. The hair helps keep out sand or dust that might blow into the animal's ears.
Em Lewis Profile
Em Lewis answered
They have long eyelashes so the sand doesnt go in their eyes. Also, big feet so they don't sink into the sand. Camels also have humps so they can store water and fat.
chenghui guo Profile
chenghui guo answered
Because the camel has a hump, when the advent of the dry season, lack of food, camels will depend on absorption of fat from the hump inside to sustain life. It is fat, big feet, foot pad, suitable for walking in the sand; nose can open and close for resistance to the invasion of sand; it also avoid dazzling the eye structure of the solar radiation. Therefore, it will be able to live freely in the desert.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Camels don't actually store water in their hump, only fat which mens they don't need food or water for a long time. Also, camels have thick rubbery lips so if they need to eat spiky plants, they don't feel the pain.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Camel: A camel survives in the desert in many ways they are, With their wide spread out feet to help them walk through the sand without their feet sinking into the ground, their rough lips help them to eat cactus, they have long eyelashes took keep out the sand and they can also close there nostrils to keep out sand and the hair in their ears also keep out sand.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Wide feet so it does not sink in the sand
Thick coat to keep it cool/warm
Long legs to move quicker and with less effort over the sand.  Their long legs keeps the body out of the hot sand.
Fat storage in the hump - not water like many believe.  The concentrated fat takes heat away from other parts of the body.
Long eyelashes to keep out the sun and flies.
Their cells have adapted to produce water.
Being able to fluctuate their body temperature and control heat helps them survive by preserving fluid loss.
Their nostrils enable them prevent them losing much moisture (they can seal) and this stops sand entering too.
Their mouths are hard and protective - ideal for the desert cactci.
Muddassar Memon Profile
Muddassar Memon answered
Camels are usually known as the "Ship of the Deserts". They are exceptionally adaptable animals who have special features which help them in easily adapting to hot and dry surroundings.

Camels are even-toed ungulates found in the species Camelus. The term camel is obtained from the Greek word "Kamelos". An adult camel is normally six feet at the shoulder and nearly seven feet at the hump. Camels are quite well known for their humps, and they do not stock up water in them as it is regularly said, but they do serve this purpose via other means.

Their humps work as a storage tank for fatty tissues, where as water is saved in their bloods. Camels can bear alterations in body temperature and water level which would generally kill most of the other animals.

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Camels can servive for many days in hot deserts because of their humps
camels and every other animals use their tail to get reath of the flys.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
How many times do a camel have to drink water, every 5 days or every 10 months depending on how active the camel is off-course
Patricia Devereux Profile
"Seven Pillars of Wisdom," T.E. Lawrence's (Lawrence of Arabia) biography, is full of lore about camels as the book recounts endless journeys on their backs in World War I-era Arabia and its environs.
Lawrence wrote that camels' two-toed, padded feet are actually very sensitive. Unless a camel has been raised walking on stones or rough ground, it will have trouble when not on sand.

The Arab tribes only used female camels, as males were more cantankerous and loud -- this last was important when the owners were sneaking up on an adversary.
How did they keep camels from getting pregnant? Drovers would put a half-grapefruit over the animal's cervix. Between the acidity and tight fit, it functioned like a woman's cervical cap, preventing conception.

The Arab princes loaned Lawrence their very finest, thoroughbred camels;a well-bred camel brought status.

Also, Lawrence writes, "Camels, especially down a gentle slope, would overtake mules in a few strides, and their moving bulk would send spinning the lighter animals and their riders" and "no regular cavalry, let alone a mounted infantry, could cope with tribal camels in a running fight."

Camels were such an essential part of travel in the desert that their owners treated them very carefully, always watching that they had proper fodder, water, and rest.

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